JUnit 4 and Vintage

WARNING: This document is for an old WireMock 2.x baseline. See the documentation for the current WireMock 3.x baseline here

WireMock includes a JUnit rule, compatible with JUnit 4.x and JUnit 5 Vintage. This provides a convenient way to manage one or more WireMock instances in your test cases. It handles the lifecycle for you, starting the server before each test method and stopping afterwards.

Basic usage #

To make WireMock available to your tests on its default port (8080):

public WireMockRule wireMockRule = new WireMockRule();

The rule’s constructor can take an Options instance to override various settings. An Options implementation can be created via the WireMockConfiguration.options() builder:

public WireMockRule wireMockRule = new WireMockRule(options().port(8888).httpsPort(8889));

See Configuration for details.

Unmatched requests #

The JUnit rule will verify that all requests received during the course of a test case are served by a configured stub, rather than the default 404. If any are not a VerificationException is thrown, failing the test. This behaviour can be disabled by passing an extra constructor flag:

public WireMockRule wireMockRule = new WireMockRule(options().port(8888), false);

Other @Rule configurations #

With a bit more effort you can make the WireMock server continue to run between test cases. This is easiest in JUnit 4.10:

public static WireMockClassRule wireMockRule = new WireMockClassRule(8089);

Unfortunately JUnit 4.11 and above prohibits @Rule on static members so a slightly more verbose form is required:

public static WireMockClassRule wireMockRule = new WireMockClassRule(8089);

public WireMockClassRule instanceRule = wireMockRule;

Accessing the stubbing and verification DSL from the rule #

In addition to the static methods on the WireMock class, it is also possible to configure stubs etc. via the rule object directly. There are two advantages to this - 1) it’s a bit faster as it avoids sending commands over HTTP, and 2) if you want to mock multiple services you can declare a rule per service but not have to create a client object for each e.g.

public WireMockRule service1 = new WireMockRule(8081);

public WireMockRule service2 = new WireMockRule(8082);

public void bothServicesDoStuff() {