Running as a Standalone Process

The WireMock server can be run in its own process, and configured via the Java API, JSON over HTTP or JSON files.

Once you have downloaded the standalone JAR you can run it simply by doing this:

$ java -jar wiremock-standalone-3.7.0.jar

Command line options #

The following can optionally be specified on the command line:

--port: Set the HTTP port number e.g. --port 9999. Use --port 0 to dynamically determine a port.

--disable-http: Disable the HTTP listener, option available only if HTTPS is enabled.

--disable-http2-plain: Disable HTTP/2 over plain text (HTTP).

--disable-http2-tls: Disable HTTP/2 over TLS (HTTPS).

--https-port: If specified, enables HTTPS on the supplied port. Note: When you specify this parameter, WireMock will still, additionally, bind to an HTTP port (8080 by default). So when running multiple WireMock servers you will also need to specify the --port parameter in order to avoid conflicts.

--bind-address: The IP address the WireMock server should serve from. Binds to all local network adapters if unspecified.

--https-keystore: Path to a keystore file containing an SSL certificate to use with HTTPS. Can be a path to a file or a resource on the classpath. The keystore must have a password of “password”. This option will only work if --https-port is specified. If this option isn’t used WireMock will default to its own self-signed certificate.

--keystore-type: The HTTPS keystore type. Usually JKS or PKCS12.

--keystore-password: Password to the keystore, if something other than “password”. Note: the behaviour of this changed in version 2.27.0. Previously this set Jetty’s key manager password, whereas now it sets the keystore password value. The key manager password can be set with the (new) parameter below.

--key-manager-password: The password used by Jetty to access individual keys in the store, if something other than “password”.

--https-truststore: Path to a keystore file containing client public certificates, proxy target public certificates & private keys to use when authenticate with a proxy target that require client authentication. Can be a path to a file or a resource on the classpath. See HTTPS configuration and Running as a browser proxy for details.

--truststore-type: The HTTPS trust store type. Usually JKS or PKCS12.

--truststore-password: Optional password to the trust store. Defaults to “password” if not specified.

--https-require-client-cert: Force clients to authenticate with a client certificate. See HTTPS for details.

--verbose: Turn on verbose logging to stdout

--root-dir: Sets the root directory, under which mappings and __files reside. This defaults to the current directory.

--record-mappings: Record incoming requests as stub mappings. See Record and Playback.

--match-headers: When in record mode, capture request headers with the keys specified. See Record and Playback.

--proxy-all: Proxy all requests through to another base URL e.g. --proxy-all="" Typically used in conjunction with --record-mappings such that a session on another service can be recorded.

--preserve-host-header: When in proxy mode, it passes the Host header as it comes from the client through to the proxied service. When this option is not present, the Host header value is deducted from the proxy URL. This option is only available if the --proxy-all option is specified.

--proxy-via: When proxying requests (either by using –proxy-all or by creating stub mappings that proxy to other hosts), route via another proxy server (useful when inside a corporate network that only permits internet access via an opaque proxy). e.g. --proxy-via (defaults to port 80) or --proxy-via Also supports proxy authentication, e.g. --proxy-via

--supported-proxy-encodings: The set of acceptable compression methods represented in the accept-encoding request header sent by WireMock when proxying or recording expressed as a comma-separated list e.g gzip,deflate. This is particularly useful if you want to avoid recording e.g. brotli compresssed responses that can’t then be viewed in the request log or served with a different compression scheme on playback, which can be achieved via --supported-proxy-encodings=identity.

--enable-browser-proxying: Run as a browser proxy. See Running as a browser proxy.

--ca-keystore: A key store containing a root Certificate Authority private key and certificate that can be used to sign generated certificates when browser proxying https. Defaults to $HOME/.wiremock/ca-keystore.jks.

--ca-keystore-password: Password to the ca-keystore, if something other than “password”.

--ca-keystore-type: Type of the ca-keystore, if something other than jks.

--trust-all-proxy-targets: Trust all remote certificates when running as a browser proxy and proxying HTTPS traffic.

--trust-proxy-target: Trust a specific remote endpoint’s certificate when running as a browser proxy and proxying HTTPS traffic. Can be specified multiple times. e.g. --trust-proxy-target --trust-proxy-target localhost would allow proxying to or https://localhost:8443 despite their having invalid certificate chains in some way.

--no-request-journal: Disable the request journal, which records incoming requests for later verification. This allows WireMock to be run (and serve stubs) for long periods (without resetting) without exhausting the heap. The --record-mappings option isn’t available if this one is specified.

--container-threads: The number of threads created for incoming requests. Defaults to 10.

--max-request-journal-entries: Set maximum number of entries in request journal (if enabled). When this limit is reached oldest entries will be discarded.

--jetty-acceptor-threads: The number of threads Jetty uses for accepting requests.

--jetty-accept-queue-size: The Jetty queue size for accepted requests.

--jetty-header-buffer-size: Deprecated, use --jetty-header-request-size. The Jetty buffer size for request headers, e.g. --jetty-header-buffer-size 16384, defaults to 8192K.

--jetty-header-request-size: The Jetty buffer size for request headers, e.g. --jetty-header-request-size 16384, defaults to 8192K.

--jetty-header-response-size: The Jetty buffer size for response headers, e.g. --jetty-header-response-size 16384, defaults to 8192K.

--async-response-enabled: Enable asynchronous request processing in Jetty. Recommended when using WireMock for performance testing with delays, as it allows much more efficient use of container threads and therefore higher throughput. Defaults to false.

--async-response-threads: Set the number of asynchronous (background) response threads. Effective only with asynchronousResponseEnabled=true. Defaults to 10.

--extensions: Extension class names e.g. com.mycorp.HeaderTransformer,com.mycorp.BodyTransformer. See Extending WireMock.

--print-all-network-traffic: Print all raw incoming and outgoing network traffic to console.

--global-response-templating: Render all response definitions using Handlebars templates.

--local-response-templating: Enable rendering of response definitions using Handlebars templates for specific stub mappings.

--max-template-cache-entries: Set the maximum number of compiled template fragments to cache. Only has any effect when response templating is enabled. Defaults to no limit.

--use-chunked-encoding: Set the policy for sending responses with Transfer-Encoding: chunked. Valid values are always, never and body_file. The last of these will cause chunked encoding to be used only when a stub defines its response body from a file.

--disable-gzip: Prevent response bodies from being gzipped.

--disable-request-logging: Prevent requests and responses from being sent to the notifier. Use this when performance testing as it will save memory and CPU even when info/verbose logging is not enabled.

--disable-banner: Prevent WireMock logo from being printed on startup

--permitted-system-keys: Comma-separated list of regular expressions for names of permitted environment variables and system properties accessible from response templates. Only has any effect when templating is enabled. Defaults to wiremock.*.

--enable-stub-cors: Enable automatic sending of cross-origin (CORS) response headers. Defaults to off.

--logged-response-body-size-limit: Set a limit in bytes beyond which response bodies in the log will be truncated. When enabled this helps avoid out of memory errors when serving large response bodies.

--allow-proxy-targets: Limit the permitted targets for proxying to and recording from the supplied addressess. This parameter takes a comma-separated list of single IP addresses, IP address ranges and hostname wildcards. See this article for details.

--deny-proxy-targets: Prevent proxying to and recording from the supplied addressess. This parameter takes a comma-separated list of single IP addresses, IP address ranges and hostname wildcards. Note: if both --allow-proxy-targets and this parameter are set, the allow list will be evaluated first. See this article for details.

--proxy-timeout: Set the timeout for requests to the proxy in milliseconds

--proxy-pass-through: Flag used in browser-caching in order to enable or disable pass through unmatched requests to the target indicated by the original requests. By default, this flag is enabled and let the requests pass through.

--filename-template: Set filename template in handlebar format. For endpoint: GET /pets/{id} using the format: }-}.json output will be get-pets-id.json. Default format: }-}-}.json hence by default template filename will be: get-pets-id-1.json.
Note: introduced in 3.0.0-beta-8.

--help: Show command line help

Configuring WireMock using the Java client #

The WireMock Java API can be used against a running server on a different host if required. If you’re only planning to configure a single remote instance from within your program you can configure the static DSL to point to it:

WireMock.configureFor("", 8000);

// or for HTTPS
WireMock.configureFor("https", "", 8443);

Alternatively you can create an instance of the client (or as many as there are servers to configure):

WireMock wireMock1 = new WireMock("", 8000);
WireMock wireMock2 = new WireMock("https", "", 8001);

Configuring via JSON over HTTP #

You can create a stub mapping by posting to WireMock’s HTTP API:

$ curl -X POST \
--data '{ "request": { "url": "/get/this", "method": "GET" }, "response": { "status": 200, "body": "Here it is!\n" }}' \

And then fetch it back:

$ curl http://localhost:8080/get/this
Here it is!

The full stubbing API syntax is described in Stubbing.

JSON file configuration #

You can also use the JSON API via files. When the WireMock server starts it creates two directories under the current one: mappings and __files.

To create a stub like the one above by this method, drop a file with a .json extension under mappings with the following content:

    "request": {
        "method": "GET",
        "url": "/api/mytest"
    "response": {
        "status": 200,
        "body": "More content\n"

After restarting the server you should be able to do this:

$ curl http://localhost:8080/api/mytest
More content

See stubbing and verifying for more on the JSON API.

Multi-stub JSON files #

JSON files containing multiple stub mappings can also be used. These are of the form:

    "mappings": [
            "request": {
                "method": "GET",
                "url": "/one"
            "response": {
                "status": 200
            "id": "8c5db8b0-2db4-4ad7-a99f-38c9b00da3f7",
            "request": {
                "url": "/two"
            "response": {
                "body": "Updated"


Stubs loaded from multi-mapping files are read-only, so any attempt to update or remove (including remove all) will cause an error to be thrown.

Pushing JSON files to a remote WireMock instance #

You can push a collection of stub mappings and associated files to a remote WireMock or WireMock Cloud instance via the Java API as follows:

WireMock wireMock = WireMock.create()

// The root directory of the WireMock project, under which the mappings and __files directories should be found

File serving #

When running the standalone JAR, files placed under the __files directory will be served up as if from under the docroot, except if stub mapping matching the URL exists. For example if a file exists __files/things/myfile.html and no stub mapping will match /things/myfile.html then hitting http://<host>:<port>/things/myfile.html will serve the file.

Packaging the stubs into a standalone JAR #

If you want to package your stubs into the standalone JAR, so you can distribute an executable JAR with all the stubs intact, you can do this using the --load-resources-from-classpath option.

For example, let’s say have the following directory structure:


You could then run the packaged JAR as:

java -jar custom-wiremock.jar --load-resources-from-classpath wiremock-stuff

Which will load your files and mappings from the packaged JAR.

Note that it is not currently possible to load from the root of the classpath.

Shutting Down #

To shutdown the server, either call WireMock.shutdownServer() or post a request with an empty body to http://<host>:<port>/__admin/shutdown.